18 Oct How Are Porcelain Teeth Made?
Porcelain teeth represent a popular option in cosmetic dentistry. They rely on a high-tech method that uses adhesive. This technique allows the patient to improve their smile and maintain original tooth structure. Porcelain teeth are a durable option when applied with precision and high-quality materials. This type of cosmetic dentistry corrects the unfairness that not everyone is born with perfect teeth or can maintain an ideal smile their entire lives.
Porcelain veneers can correct damaged or crooked teeth from an accident or general misalignment. Some people might shy away from porcelain veneers, unsure about the specifics of the entire process. There is no need for that, as the procedure is straightforward, allowing for matching and improving the client’s current smile. Porcelain veneers ultimately create a natural, yet dazzling appearance.
Prepping the Teeth
Porcelain teeth have enjoyed popularity since the 1980s due to the pleasing cosmetic results they provide. They also offer superior clinical performance. They deliver more durability over other methods, as long as the clinical procedure used to install them is thorough.
The installation process of porcelain veneers revolves around a multi-step process. First, the patient’s natural teeth need to undergo preparation. Prepping the teeth means removing approximately half a millimeter of the patient’s original tooth enamel. The amount of tooth enamel the doctor strips is equal to the general thickness of the veneer. The doctor may or may not use a general anesthetic. Removing a small amount of the enamel is vital in the overall process. This way, the finished teeth don’t appear overly thick. Creating the most natural appearance is crucial.
Once the doctor thoroughly primes the teeth, he or she will create a model of them. The doctor will send the model to a laboratory at another location. The lab is where the actual crafting of the veneers will occur, taking on average, seven to fourteen days to complete them. During this period, some patients may have the option of wearing temporary veneers. Once the actual porcelain teeth are ready, the patient will return to the dentist’s office, and the dentist will examine the fit, shape, and color. The doctor will ensure they are a perfect fit for the client’s mouth, face shape, and jawline. In some cases, further trimming or shaving of the veneer is necessary, to verify the fit is flawless.
Bonding the Porcelain Teeth
Once the dentist has verified the custom fit is impeccable, the bonding process begins. The doctor will prepare the patient’s teeth for this next step, by thoroughly cleaning them. Next, the doctor will etch them with hydrofluoric acid, and then silane the patient’s teeth. Etching the teeth removes the smoothness of the tooth, creating a certain amount of roughness. This roughness ensures that there is a durable bond between the tooth and the veneer. It is crucial that the original teeth provide enough useable enamel. The porcelain teeth and the cement adhere to the quality of the enamel. The etching step of the entire process is crucial, but the doctor should not overdo it. Teeth that have exposed dentin will not create a proper bond between the tooth, cement and the veneer.
The doctor then spreads a specialized type of composite resin cement over each tooth before the veneer is pressed firmly in place. It is essential that the doctor verifies the bonding agent used is fresh and of a high-quality brand. Once the doctor checks that the veneer is in a perfect position, he or she uses a particular light that activates the chemicals within the cement, commencing the curing process. The installation process is crucial to ensure a pleasing aesthetic appearance and a durable bond. After this part finishes, the doctor removes any additional cement, and scrutinizes each tooth and the placement of the veneer, making final adjustments, if necessary.
Porcelain veneers give one the freedom to live as one pleases, seldom warranting particular consideration. However, porcelain teeth can sometimes absorb pigments, so patients may need to avoid certain foods or drinks. Alternatively, one might need to select a shade of porcelain veneer that is very light and bright. A brighter hue will help compensate for any subsequent staining that may occur. The dentist might recommend the patient wear a night guard while sleeping. A nightguard prevents the teeth from grinding and slowly destroying the investment of porcelain teeth. On that note, not everyone is a good candidate for this procedure. Patients who consistently grind or clench their teeth aren’t suitable for this cosmetic process. Likewise, patients with severe tooth or gum disease need to address those problems before the veneers are applied. Patients lacking enough surface area of the tooth should consider porcelain crowns as a more suitable option.